Horses need routine dental care to stay healthy. Unlike humans, horses will constantly erupt new teeth throughout their lifetime. Left untended, horse teeth can cause great pain and make your horse unruly and difficult to ride.
Floating horse’s teeth (the leveling and removal of this enamel edge) should be done 1-2 times a year. Frequency will depend on age of the horse, performance, and the overall confirmation of the horse’s teeth.
The young horse between the ages of 2 ½ and 4 ½ will lose 24 teeth, called deciduous teeth or also known as caps. At this age the horse should be floated every 6 months because the teeth are very soft at this young age and an edge will develop very quickly. Also, deciduous teeth shed and tooth fragments can remain in the mouth and irritate the horse when being ridden and while eating.
Ken Pankow demonstrates his horse dentistry and manual tooth floating service in the video below.